The Centurion Chronicles
The Principality of Monaco
Monaco, officially the Principality of Monaco is a sovereign city-state, located on the French Riviera in Western Europe. It is bordered by France on three sides; one side borders the Mediterranean Sea. It has an area of 2.02 km2 (0.78 sq mi). Monaco is the second smallest, and the most densely populated, country in the world.
Monaco is a principality governed under a form of constitutional monarchy, which still has immense political power. The House of Grimaldi have ruled Monaco, with brief interruptions, since 1297. The official language is French, but Monégasque, Italian, and English are widely spoken and understood. The state’s sovereignty was officially recognized by the Franco-Monegasque Treaty of 1861. Despite Monaco’s independence and separate foreign policy, its defense is the responsibility of France. Monaco has no navy or air force, but on both a per-capita and per-area basis, Monaco has the largest police force and police presence in the world.
Economic development was spurred in the late 19th century with the opening of its first casino, Monte Carlo, and a railway connection to Paris. Since then, the principality’s mild climate, splendid scenery, and gambling facilities have made Monaco world-famous as a tourist destination and recreation center for the rich and famous.
Monaco is abuzz preparing for its annual rally and the upcoming charity galla.