Chicago

Chicago

Historical Information
Chicago

Chicago is located in northeastern Illinois on the southwestern shores of Lake Michigan. It is the principal city in Chicago Metropolitan Area situated in the Midwestern United States and the Great Lakes region. Chicago rests on a continental divide at the site of the Chicago Portage, connecting the Mississippi River and the Great Lakes watersheds. The city lies beside huge freshwater Lake Michigan, and two rivers—the Chicago River in downtown and the Calumet River in the industrial far South Side—flow entirely or partially through Chicago. Chicago’s history and economy are closely tied to its proximity to Lake Michigan. While the Chicago River historically handled much of the region’s waterborne cargo, today’s huge lake freighters use the city’s Lake Calumet Harbor on the South Side. The lake also provides another positive effect, moderating Chicago’s climate; making waterfront neighborhoods slightly warmer in winter and cooler in summer.

During the Great War and the 1920s also saw a major expansion in industry. The availability of jobs attracted blacks from the South. The black population of Chicago dramatically increased. Arriving in the hundreds of thousands during the Great Migration, the newcomers had an immense cultural impact, called the Chicago Black Renaissance, part of the New Negro Movement, in art, literature, and music. Continuing racial tensions and violence, such as the Chicago Race Riot of 1919, also occurred.

In 1919, Prohibition has taken affect and organized crime has taken a firm grip upon the city.

Current Events

No Major events have occurred in Chicago since the advent of the Chronicles; however Chicago is noteworthy, in of itself, because of a number of notable individuals who reside here.

Citizens

Organizations


Chicago

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